In Node.js, there are several ways to create processes that can run concurrently to improve performance and scalability. The main differences between these methods are the scope of the process and the communication mechanisms between them:
- Child Process: The
child_processmodule provides the ability to spawn new processes and communicate with them using standard input/output streams. A child process runs independently of the parent process and can be used to execute external commands or other Node.js scripts. Child processes can be used to perform background tasks or to split a single process into multiple, more manageable parts.
- Cluster: The
clustermodule allows you to create a cluster of worker processes that share the same port, allowing your application to take full advantage of multiple cores and improve performance. Each worker process runs in a separate process and can be used to handle different requests. The cluster module provides an easy way to create and manage worker processes, and it also provides a way to share the same state between the workers and the master.
child_process allows you to spawn new processes and communicate with them,
cluster allows you to create a cluster of worker processes that share the same port.